CHICORY-SURPRISING BENEFITS & RECIPE
CHICORY Cichorium intybus a wayside plant with beautiful bright blue flower. It is cultivated as a vegetable and blanched as a bitter plant to add to salads. Common chicory is also known as blue daisy, blue dandelion, blue sailors, blue weed, bunk, coffee weed, ragged sailors and wild endive. CHICORY-SURPRISING BENEFITS & RECIPE
Root chicory has been cultivated in Europe as a coffee substitute. The roots are roasted,baked, ground and used as an additive especially in the Mediterranean region where the plant is native. Chicory has rough, upright, smooth or partially hairy stem that can reach 10 to 40 inches in height. Entire stem is filled with bitter milky sap. Chicory has strong, well developed spindle-shaped taproot.
How To Grow Chicory
Chicory plant (“Cichorium intybus”) is not native to the United States but has made itself at home. The plant can be found and is widely adapted to most climate conditions in the United States and is used both for its leaves and its roots. Chicory herb plants are very easy to grow in the garden as a cool season crop.
Planting and Growing
Chicory requires well drained soil with plenty of organic matter.How to grow chicory is similar to learning how to grow most lettuces or greens.Planting chicory in cooler climates should be done three to four weeks before the danger of frost has passed. Planting chicory seed 70 to 80 days before anticipated harvest will ensure a late crop. The flower is edible, but it is very bitter.
The primary ingredient in chicory coffee is chicory root.This is a beverage made using chicory root- roasted, ground and brewed into coffee. It was used as a coffee filler in Europe,(France in the 1800s) and eventually found its way to New Orleans. Since then it has become a local favorite. Coffee & Chicory is the traditional favorite of many a New Orleans native. Roasted chicory contains none of the volatile oils and aromatics that are contained in roasted coffee. Contains No caffeine.
How to make coffee from chicory?
- Grind the chicory root.
- Bring one cup of water to a boil.
- Add 2 TBS.
- Reduce the heat and simmer for 2 minutes.
- Turn off the heat and let it steep for 10 minutes.
- Grate some fresh nutmeg and enjoy
OR use minced and toasted chicory root however you usually brew coffee.
Chicory root is one of the richest sources of sesquiterpene lactones, these compounds have anti-tumor, and anti – inflammatory properties. Chicory is low in calories; and is the natural source soluble dietary fibers like inulin.
Inulin is not only beneficial for the digestive system, it has also been shown to reduce the levels of “bad” LDL cholesterol in the body.
Photo Credit; pixabay.com
Source: The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Healing Remedies by C. NORMAN SHEALY ; /www.orleanscoffee.com/